Dieux latins et dieux grecs
                                                            Au cours de la domination romaine,  les dieux et  certains héros de la mythologie grecque abandonnent leurs noms qui sont remplacés par des noms latins

                 Nom grec                             Nom latin
                    Ouranos                                             Uranus ou Caelus
                    Cronos                                                Saturne
                    Zeus                                                    Jupiter
                    Héra                                                    Junon
                    Athéna                                                Minerve ou Pallas
                    Latone                                                Vesta 
                    Artémis                                                Diane
                    Déméter                                              Cérès
                    Héphaïstos                                        Vulcain
                    Hermès                                                Mercure
                    Arès                                                     Mars
                    Aphrodite                                            Vénus
                    Dionysos                                            Bacchus
                    Éos                                                     Aurore
                    Hélios                                                Le Soleil
                    Séléné                                                La Lune
                    Eosphoros                                         Lucifer
                    Hesperos                                            Vesper
                    Poséidon                                            Neptune
                    Asclépios                                            Esculape
                    Perséphone                                        Proserpine
                    Héraclès                                             Hercule
                    Odysseus                                            Ulysse